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ANTIOXIDANT'S

How free Radicals cause damage to our bodies daily.

Free radicals are highly unstable and quickly react with nearby molecules setting off a process called oxidation, which can have harmful effects on the our body. 

If free radicals oxidise in the nucleus of a cell, the reaction can cause cell mutations, which might cause cancer. 

The oxidation of cholesterol particles in the blood can trigger the build up of fatty deposits in the arteries. Which may lead to heart disease or stroke.

Free radicals have also been associated with cataracts, immune deficiency, arthritis and premature ageing and their role in these conditions is still the subject of extensive research. 

THE ROLE OF ANTIOXIDANT'S

The body produces its own antioxidant's, which neutralise the effects of free radicals. 

Vitamins, minerals and compounds known as phytochemicals in plant food provide a valuable extra supply, so additional dietary sources are essential for the maintenance of good health. 

Free Radical Damage

 National Cancer Institute - Antioxidant Fact Sheets 

 


 ANTIOXIDANT'S, VITAMINS & MINERALS

Vitamins, minerals and compounds known as phytochemicals in plant food provide a valuable extra supply, so additional dietary sources are essential for the maintenance of good health. 

Healthy chocolate nuggets are packed full of Flavanoids and have 3,120 ORAC per nugget. They also contain Acai berry and blueberries.  the Acai berry alone has more than 14 times more antioxidant's than raw spinach and 10 to 30 times more anthocyanins than red wine. 

Vitamins 

Antioxidant Effects 

Foods 

 

Vitamin A         

Diets high in carotenoids (some of which the body can convert into vitamin A) are linked with a reduced risk of some cancers 

Retinols  - oily fish, liver, eggs, milk, cheese, & butter.
Carotenoids -
carrots, broccoli, dark green leafy vegetables, sweet red peppers, pumpkins, mangoes, canteloupe melons, and dried apricots. 

 

Vitamin C 

Scavenges for free radicals and regenerates the antioxidant potential of vitamin E after it has reacted with free radicals. 

Citrus fruit, kiwi fruit, soft fruit such as blackcurrants and strawberries 

potatoes, green & red peppers, tomatoes, bean sprout uts and leafy green vegetables. 

 

Vitamin E 

Helps to prevent oxidation by free radicals of polyunsaturated fatty acids in cell membranes; the more polyunsaturated fats you eat, the more vitamin E you need to protect them from oxidation. 

Vegetable oils such as sunflower and nut oils, margarine, almonds, hazelnuts, sunflower seeds, tuna, salmon and avocados. 

 

Manganese  

Present in enzymes 

Nuts, brown rice, whole grain bread, pulses, cereals 

 

Copper  

Present in many enzymes that help protect against free radical damage, required for healthy bone growth, for connective tissue formation, and to aid iron absorption from food. 

Shellfish, liver, and whole grain cereals 

 

Selenium  

Present in enzymes that protects DNA against free radical damage, deficiency increases the risk of prostrate cancer 

Brazil nuts, meat and offal, seafood and seaweed, avocados whole grains and sunflower seeds also contain selenium although levels depend on the soil in which they were grown 

 

Zinc  

Present in enzymes that protect against free radical damage 

Shellfish (particularly oysters) lean meat, poultry, eggs and dairy products, pumpkin seeds, nuts and whole grains 

 National Cancer Institure fact sheets:  Antioxidants and Cancer Prevention




  Understanding the ORAC Chart

ORAC and the USDA   

How Antioxidant's are measured.  

Antioxidant's in any food is measured by its capacity to absorb free radicals . ORAC (Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity) values as determined by the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture measure the capacity of a food to absorb oxygen free radicals. 

As you can see Cocoa powder on its own as a high value and when combined with the Acai berry you know you are onto a winning formulae. 

The chart below shows the ORAC values of several high antioxidant foods. 

 

The USDA website recommends a daily antioxidant intake range of 3,000to 5,000 ORAC. However, recent studies have suggested that more active lifestyles require higher levels of antioxidant's. 

Xocaitm should be a vital part of a balanced diet and an active lifestyle. 

*based on standard ORAC testing of selected production samples ORAC values may vary. 

  

ORAC CHART